Putting Your Content to Work: A user-centric approach to evaluation
Too often, we view digital content from the perspective of the organization or business, rather than the user. No matter how beautiful your site design, how elegant your user interface, or how appropriate your information architecture, if your content is not what your users are looking for, their entire experience can be compromised.
For most organizations, digital content is a critical element in establishing the company’s credentials, reinforcing the brand, supporting sales, and delivering value through thought leadership. But excessive content can dilute the value of your message and it can be difficult for a company to be objective about what works and what doesn’t.
Typically, Siteworx finds that a majority of the content views on a website (up to 80%) are concentrated around a small number of pages (as few as 10%). Of course this ratio varies by industry and by company, but there is almost always a cluster of more popular pages and a long tail of pages viewed far less frequently (or not at all).
Increased mobile usage and the trend towards responsive design have also necessitated a closer look at content, with a focus on delivering only the most important content on any given screen.
So how should we, as designers, go about assessing what content is important? Using a score sheet to evaluate your content, both qualitatively and quantitatively, can provide an apples-to-apples comparison that helps determine just how valuable content is to your users. Content scores can be used to rationalize old content, track the effectiveness of current content, and to steer the focus of future content.
How it’s Done
Quantitative measures that can be used to evaluate the value of your content to your users include:
- Page views: The more popular your content is, the more likely it is to meet your users’ needs. Of course, lack of page views does not automatically disqualify content, since it could just be hard to find on your site.
- Time on page: This is a tricky metric, since some pages are designed to be navigational, which means we want the time on page to be low. It is best to confine this measurement to content-rich pages, designed to be immersive.
- Date published and/or updated: The more recently content was published or updated, the likelier it is to be relevant and current (although this may not always be the case, since some content is evergreen).
- Number of inbound links: Links or references to your web page, particularly from third-party sites, indicate its value to the community.
Since the objective of the content scoring exercise is to develop an aggregate score for comparative evaluation, we typically rate each of these measures on a scale of one to five: assessing the overall site metrics as well as industry standards to create benchmark levels for a particular site or experience. For example, 10 page views could mean a score of one for some sites but five for others.
Similarly, the qualitative evaluation rates content on a scale of one to five for the following factors:
- Scanability: Can a reader glance at a page and tell you what the basic gist of the content might be? Look for use of bullets, numbers, and sub-headings.
- Compelling: Is there a clear call to action on the page and compelling language around it? Look for cues as to what the user should do with this content—share it, bookmark it, click for more information, etc.
- Current: Does the page reference events that have passed and/or information that is no longer true?
- Relevant: Is your content consistent with user needs and business goals? Does topics occur frequently in internal or external searches or social media?
- Search engine optimized: Does your content incorporate SEO keywords appropriately?
- Consistent with brand attributes: If your brand is friendly and playful, does the language on your site reflect these attributes?
- Accessible, plain language: Does your content comply with plain language standards?
- Grammar/spelling: Does your content contain grammatical or spelling errors?
Combining the qualitative and quantitative scores will give you a picture of the relative quality and relevance of your content. Based on this assessment, you can inform a content rationalization exercise. Content that scores low on both qualitative and quantitative measures is targeted for decommissioning.
On the other hand, content that scores well quantitatively, but poorly qualitatively, may need revising or updating, while content that scores well across the board might be kept or migrated as-is. This methodology has been helpful to companies Siteworx has worked with, reducing redundant and outdated content (in some cases by up to 90%) and improving the quality of the remaining content.
In addition to a one-off rationalization exercise, the content scorecard can be used to assess the value and performance of your content on an ongoing basis. Typically, we recommend conducting regular content reviews in batches (rather than reviewing your entire universe of content at once). Using a baseline score, you can assess whether your content has continued to perform, and decommission or revise as needed.
Finally, a content scorecard may reveal topics or content styles that always perform well. We worked with a B2B organization that used this information actively in managing their editorial calendar. Content consumption increased because what they were producing was more relevant to their audience.
A content-first approach to user experience design requires a rigorous and user-focused assessment of your content in order to deliver only the content the user wants, when they want it. What criteria are you using to assess and optimize your content?
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