UX Magazine

Defining and Informing the Complex Field of User Experience (UX)

The Trouble with Computers: Usefulness, Usability, and Productivity

June 6, 1996
Thomas K. Landauer

Despite enormous investments in computers over the last twenty years, productivity in the very service industries at which they were aimed virtually stagnated everywhere in the world.If computers are not making businesses, organizations, or countries more productive, then why are we spending so much time and money on them? Cutting through a raft of technical data, Thomas Landauer explains and illustrates why computers are in trouble and why massive outlays for computing since 1973 have not resulted in comparable productivity payoffs.

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